What powers an electric car?

electric car battery

Technology has come a long way since vehicles were first introduced. Driverless cars are slowly becoming a reality whilst our modern cars are constantly evolving and improving. Electric cars are also growing in popularity, with more being produced today than ever before.

Electric cars have been around since the late 19th Century. Thomas Parker is believed to be the man responsible for the first ever electric car, which he has built in 1884. It was the first practical electric car ever produced, which is why Parker is often credited as the man who started it all.

In the late 19th and early 20th Century, electric cars experienced a growth in popularity with over 38% of American vehicles being powered by electricity by 1900.

During the mid-20th Century, interest in electric vehicles decreased and it wasn’t until the 1990’s that electric vehicles became popular again. Ever since then, interest continued to grow and today more electric cars are sold than ever before.

We’ve decided to take an in-depth look at electric vehicles to find out what powers them and how exactly they work. Today we’re going to focus on the different battery types that can be found inside modern electric vehicles.

First of all, let’s discuss some of the pros and cons of battery-powered cars. They’re environmentally-friendly, which is good for everyone and they’re much cheaper to run. On the other hand they take a long time to recharge and they are very heavy and take up a lot of space.

Lead-acid batteries

Lead-acid batteries are among the oldest types of rechargeable batteries. To this day they are used on modern electric cars, with most being powered by lead-acid batteries. Although they are relatively safe today, they’ve been known in the past to occasionally explode. They’re cheap to make, which is why they remain popular.

Lithium ion batteries [Li-ion]

Lithium ion batteries are much smaller compared to Lead-acid batteries. Due to their high energy-to-mass ratio, they are believed to be the best option for future electric vehicles. They can be quite expensive, which makes them a little less ideal, however they can already be found on numerous production models on the market.

Nickel metal hydride [NiMH]

Nickel metal hydride batteries are much less toxic than other types of batteries, which makes them easy to recycle. They have a good energy-to-mass ration however when it comes to holding a charge when the batteries aren’t being used, they fall behind the alternatives.

We hope you enjoyed the first part of our “What powers electric cars” series. Now that we know what types of batteries are used to power modern electric vehicles, we’re going to look at the different motor types in Part 2.

For more news and articles about electric cars, check out our blog as it’s updated regularly.

About Author: Adam

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